A songwriter is a musician who creates music and words for songs as a vocation. Composer is another name for a songwriter; however, the term “composer” is more often used to describe people in the classical music and cinema scoring fields, although it may also refer to someone who writes and composes unique musical compositions or musical beds. A lyricist is a songwriter who focuses primarily on the song’s words. Due to the high need for new songs in the music business, songwriters generally work in teams. If one songwriter is very good at writing words, they could be partnered up with someone who is better at composing music. Band members or staff writers — song writers hired by record labels – may create pop tunes. Some songwriters also act as their own music publishers, while others work with established publishing companies.
Traditional methods of learning how to compose music, such as apprenticeships, are being complemented by more formal educational opportunities, such as college and “rock schools.” Songwriters are increasingly expected to have a working knowledge of current music technology (sequencers, synthesizers, computer sound editing), as well as compositional aspects and commercial abilities. There are a number of educational opportunities to learn about the music industry and get a degree or certificate in songwriting. Songs published after 1934 are protected by U.S. law and may only be reproduced with the permission of the songwriter. This is because songwriters and publishers may earn significant sums of money from their work, especially if the song becomes a hit record. Having the legal authority to make such concessions is a commodity that may be purchased, traded, or otherwise transferred. International copyright law governs this.
Songwriters may be hired to compose songs with or for a performer, or they can submit their own work to A&R, publishers, agencies, and managers. Songs may be pitched by the songwriter’s publisher or by the songwriter themselves with the use of song pitching tip sheets like RowFax, MusicRow, and SongQuarters.  Songwriting requires an entrepreneurial spirit and a creative mind.  Staff writers may not always be credited for their work on a song in its final form.
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